The State of the Elect vs. Physical Israel: God is Vindicated (Romans 9:1-29)


God has always said by what standard the called will be elected. Much how a boss puts out a want ad to hire someone, the standard is set out. In this way, the elected are predestined. The individual is not predestined per se, rather the ones who will come up to the standard that was predestined.

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  • Romans 8:28-30
  • Romans 9:1-3: Paul’s sincere sorrow for his Jewish kinsmen.
    • Sorrow and sacrifice like Moses. cf. Exodus 32:32-33
  • Romans 9:4-5: The high privilege of Israel given up too easily.
    • Israelites: Gen 35:9-35
    • Adopted sons: Exo 4:22-23
    • received the glory: Exo 40:34-ff
    • And the covenants:
      • Made to Abraham: Gen 12:1-3
      • Isaac: Gen 26:2-5
      • Jacob: Gen 28:13-15
    • the Law: Deut 4:8
    • the service: Ex 12:25f, Heb 9:1, 6
    • The promises: cf. Rom 1:1-6
    • The father’s: Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob from whom is the Christ: cf. Gal 3:15-18
  • Rom 9:6-13
  • Rom 9:14-18, cf. Prov 28:13
  • Rom 9:19-29
    • cf. Isa 45:9, Jer 18:1-12, 2 Tim 2:15-ff
  • Rom 9:22-24
  • Rom 8:28-30